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Steve Jobs VS Tim Cook

I’d like to apologise to sensitive viewers as this post contains strong language. This post is dedicated to Steve Jobs and Tim Cook.

Hello Internet. Two years ago we lost a remarkable person. And yet, he was not just a person. He built a company from scratch that is known worldwide. He was unceremoniously thrown out of it. He built another one, to compete with it. He made an animation studio. And when he was asked to return to his first company, everything was going down. He lifted it up. He took it further than what everyone expected. And so, with all these accomplishments, he revolutionised technology in so many ways. Ladies and Gentlemen, today we remember Steven Paul Jobs, founder of Apple Inc., NeXt, and Pixar.

Steve Jobs was all of this and much more. For most people that met him, he was an asshole. He screamed at his workers, at his equals, he told them their work was shit. And yet, he was a genius. He knew what people wanted before they knew. And, unlike other companies, he focused on design before functionality. He was usually criticised for making the design first and then making the engineers make the electrical components later, when it “should have been the other way around”. And yet, look at what he accomplished. Ever since he started with the Macintosh, everything was based on the design. In fact, he told the engineers that they had to make the electrical components fit into the computer. They couldn’t make it bigger. They had to make it fit, and make it look good on the inside. The iMac was the same. The iPod? The iPhone? The iPad? It was all based on the design. That’s what makes Apple different from other companies. They make the design before the electronic components, resulting in a much better looking product.

And now, two years later after Steve passed away, we have observed a certain decline in Apple. The products are not as innovating as before. Android is catching up. Microsoft has risen. And what is happening to Apple? I’d say it’s not exactly that the quality has gone down. I’d say it’s the innovation. I have personally read Steve’s biography, and in the last chapter, Walter Isaacson asked Steve what motivated him. Here it is, quoted.

” My passion has been to build an enduring company where people were motivated to make great products. Everything else, was secondary. Sure, it was great to make a profit, because that was what allowed you to make great products. But the products, not the profits, where the motivation. Sculley (the guy that eventually betrayed Steve and took his company in 1985) flipped these priorities to where the goal was to make money. It’s a subtle difference, but it ends up meaning everything: the people you hire, who gets promoted, what you discuss in meetings.

Some people say, “Give the customers what they want”. But that’s not my approach. I think Henry Ford once said, “If I’d asked customers what they wanted, they would have told me, ‘A faster horse!’.” People don’t know what they want until you show it to them. That’s why I never rely on market research. Our task is to read things that are not yet on the page.

Edwin Land of Polaroid talked about the intersection of the humanities and science. I like that intersection. There’s something magical about that place. There are a lot of people innovating, and that’s not the main distinction of my career. The reason Apple resonates with people is that there’s a deep current of humanity in our innovation. I think great artists and great engineers are similar, in that they both have a desire to express themselves. In fact, some of the best people working in the original Mac were poets and musicians on the side. In the seventies computers became a way for people to express their creativity. Great artists like Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo were also great at science. Michelangelo knew a lot about how to quarry stone, not just how to sculpt it.

People pay us to integrate things for them, because they don’t have the time to think about this stuff 24/7. If you have an extreme passion for producing great products, it pushes you to be integrated, to connect your hardware and your software and content management. You want to break new ground, so you have to do it yourself. If you want to allow your products to be open to other hardware or software, you have to give up some of your vision.

At different times in the past, there were companies that exemplified Silicon Valley. It was Hewlett-Packard for a long time. Then, in the semiconductor era, it was Fairchild and Intel. I think it was Apple for a while, and then that faded. And then today, I think it’s Apple and Google-and a little more so Apple. I think Apple has stood the test of time. It’s been around for a while, but it’s still at the cutting edge of what’s going on.

It’s easy to throw stones at Microsoft. They’ve clearly fallen from their dominance. They’ve become mostly irrelevant. And yet I appreciate what they did and how hard it was. They were very good at the business side of things. They were never as ambitious product-wise as they should have been. Bill likes to portray himself as a man of the product, but he’s really not. He’s a businessperson. Winning business was more important than making great products. He ended up the wealthiest guy around, and if that was his goal, then he achieved it. But it’s never been my goal, and I wonder, in the end, if it was his goal. I admire him for the company he built-it’s impressive-and I enjoyed working with him. He’s bright and actually has a good sense of humour. But Microsoft never had the humanities and liberal Arts in its DNA. Even when they saw the Mac, they couldn’t copy it well. They totally didn’t get it.

I have my own theory about why decline happens at companies like IBM or Microsoft. The company does a great job, innovates and becomes a monopoly or close to it in some field, and then the quality of the product becomes less important. The company starts valuing great salesmen, because they’re the ones who can move the needle on revenues, not the product engineers and designers. So the salespeople end up running the company. John Akers at IBM was a smart, eloquent, fantastic salesperson, but he didn’t know anything about the product. The same thing happened at Xerox. When the sales guys run the company, the product guys don’t matter so much, and a lot of them just turn off. it happened at Apple when Sculley came in, which was my fault, and it happened when Ballmer took over at Microsoft. Apple was lucky and it rebounded, but I don’t think anything will change at Microsoft as long as Ballmer is running it.

I hate it when people call themselves “entrepreneurs” when what they’re really trying to do is launch a startup and then sell or go public, so they can cash in and move on. They’re unwilling to do the work it takes to build a real company, which is the hardest work in business. That’s what Walt Disney did, and Hewlett and Packard, and the people who built Intel. They created a company to last, not just to make money. That’s what I want Apple to be.

I don’t think I run roughshod over people, but if something sucks, I tell people to their face. It’s my job to be honest. I know what I’m talking about, and I usually turn out to be right. That’s the culture I tried to create. We are brutally honest with each other, and anyone can tell me they think I am full of shit and I can tell them the same. And we’ve had some rip-roaring arguments, where we are yelling at each other, and it’s some of the best times I’ve ever had. I feel totally comfortable saying, “Ron, that store looks like shit” in front of everyone else. Or I might say “God, we really fucked up the engineering on this” in front of the person that’s responsible. That’s the ante for being in the room: You’ve got to be able to be super honest. Maybe there’s a better way, a gentlemen’s club where we all wear ties and speak in this Brahmin language and velvet code-words, but I don’t know that way, because I am middle class from California.

I was hard on people sometimes, probably harder than I needed to be. I remember the time when Reed (Steve’s oldest son) was six years old, coming home, and I had just fired somebody that day, and I imagined what it was like for that person to tell his family and his young son that he had lost his job. It was hard. But somebody’s got to do it. I figured that it was always my job to make sure that the team was excellent, and if I didn’t do it, nobody was going to do it.

You always have to keep pushing to innovate. Dylan (Bob Dylan was one of Steve’s favourite musicians, maybe the favourite) could have sung protest songs forever and probably made a lot of money, but he didn’t. He had to move on, and when he did, by going electric in 1965, he alienated a lot of people. His 1966 Europe tour was his greatest. He would come on and do a set of acoustic guitar, and the audiences loved him. Then he brought what became The Band, and they would all do an electric set, and the audience sometimes booed. There was one point where he was about to sing “Like a Rolling stone” and someone from the audience yells “Judas!” And Dylan then says “Play it fucking loud!” And they did. The Beatles were the same way. They kept evolving, moving, refining their art. That’s what I’ve always tried to do-keep moving. Otherwise, as Dylan says, if you’re not busy being born, you’re busy dying.

What drove me? I think most creative people want to express appreciation for being able to take advantage of the work that’s been done by others before us. I didn’t invent the language or the mathematics I use. I make little of my own food, none of my clothes. Everything I do depends on other members of our species and the shoulders that we stand on. And a lot of us want to contribute something back to our species and to add something to the flow. It’s about trying to express something in the only way that most of us know how-because we can’t write Bob Dylan songs or Tom Stoppard plays. We try to use the talents we do have to express our deep feelings, to show our appreciation of all the contributions that came before us, and to add something to that flow. That’s what has driven me.”

As it is mentioned by Steve here, he didn’t care so much about the profit. He cared about the product. And this is where I’m going. While Steve was at his weakest fighting cancer, he chose someone to replace him while he was recovering. He chose Tim Cook, and named him COO. In summer 2011, Steve named him CEO, so he would be his successor. Steve barely made it to see the iPhone 4S be unveiled. He died a day later. Ever since, I think we have all seen a difference in the Apple Keynotes. Usually Steve gave the complete conferences himself. In 2001, for example, he presented a few products, and the first ever iPod. He gave a complete presentation without anyone’s help. No one but him was on the stage. The first iPhone was the same. He was, as he said so himself, a man of the product.

Tim Cook, on the other hand, hasn’t been what Steve would have probably wanted him to be. He depends entirely on other people in the team to show a product. He might barely understand it. All I have seen him do on the keynotes is greet the people in the beginning, show how Apple has been doing, what new stores are available, show a few commercials, some stats, maybe show up halfway through the conference to say the name of the new product, and appear again to say goodbye to them. I have NEVER seen him give a complete keynote. I haven’t seen much innovation on Apple’s products. The iPhone 5 was good, but not exactly what I expected. The same with the iPhone 5S. As for the iPad, I haven’t been disappointed. Yet. The retina display on the iPad 3 was completely innovating, and increasing it on the iPad 4 and adding the new processors was a great move, making it a great product, but it still needs something for the next generation. This is where the stakes must flip. Apple must come up with something new. Supposedly, Steve approved all of these products before he died. But I have heard a few rumours that he left multiple blueprints of products that supposedly many engineers at Apple can’t even understand completely. This makes you doubt, would this have been what Steve really had in mind?

Now I speak directly to you Tim Cook. You have the power to make things change at Apple. You have in your hands about 20-30 years or more where you can change the world. You have in your hands a company that can change the world, with some of the best engineers and designers at hand. You must choose which Steve you want to be. Steve Ballmer, or Steve Jobs? Which one are you, Timothy Donald Cook? Which one are you?

Thank you, for reading and for remembering Steve Jobs today.


Rare Organisms


Having said that, let’s begin! As you might remember, this blog was originally made for my Science class, and right now we are seeing Taxonomy, which got us to the topic of strange organisms, though I don’t really like to use this term as it is implying that they are not normal. I prefer the term “rare”, as it refers to them instead of abnormal, just harder, or uncommon to find. After having read an article with 25 different rare organisms, I have chosen a few of them to show you. I have chosen those that I think are most impressive, and remember the warning…

Let’s begin with the first organism. Can you name it?

This organism is an internet favorite, with many different memes about it, making jokes with it, or editing pictures. I personally had the following picture as my lock screen on my iPad for a while…

I personally think sloths are particularly fascinating for the way they move. I find it as something odd that evolution developed a particularly slow organism, as it puts it in danger. The metabolism itself is very slow as well, taking about a month to digest food… This makes you wonder, is there a secret survival technique that involves slow motion?

The following organism is a whole lot rarer. Here is where the warning applies. Observe at your own risk…

Now, this little buddy here is what is known as a giant isopod. A crustacean, it is one of the first organisms discovered that can live at the bottom if the ocean. As he lives there, and food is scarce, it can spend around two months without eating. I personally added it because it reminds of the Decepticon ships in Transformers Dark of the Moon. You can actually see a few Decepticons making a free fall from it. Just kidding…

Now this one may be for Pokemon fans. Remember this guy?

Well, this is the closest you will get to him in real life. I present you, the Glass Frog.

Discovered in the nineteenth century, these fellows have their very own family, with over 50 DIFFERENT SPECIES! As you can see from the picture, this little guys only have one transparent side, their belly side. And just in case you wanted to know how big the are, they are just about one to three inches…

Now here comes a sad fellow.


Well, not exactly. At least he looks that way. This buddy pretty much eats anything organic that goes in front of him, and to add to his bad luck, he is in danger because of deep fishing, and they may not even be fishing him. Wanna guess his name? What does he look like? Yup. Sadly for him, his name is the Blob Fish… Yeah, this guy’s got a pretty tough life…

The following fellow is a little more known. I seriously hope you can name him…

This guy here is the star nosed mole. A slightly cute mole about the size of a guinea pig that is practically blind, but still has a lot of awesomeness. With over 25,000 sensors in their nose, this buddy has a great appetite, only taking 120 milliseconds to identify and eat something. And to add to his awesomeness, this guy can literally smell underwater! Here is how he does it. He throws bubbles around and then inhales them. The bubbles gather the smells and release the smells when they return to the nose. If only we could smell underwater…

Well, I hope you learned something completely unusual in some if your free time. If you’d like to check out a way to learn things faster, like a poem (or a deck of cards),check out my blog post The Art & Science of Memory as Depicted by Joshua Foer. Over 3000 words of astoundingly simple memory techniques that we should all know, but don’t because of many things we depend on. Check it out! Thank you for your time.



P.S. Here is the link to the article with the rare organisms, in case you want to see more. To go there, just click here.

The Menstrual Cycle

Hello Internet! As a few of you might remember from very previous posts, this blog was originally made for my Science Class, but I have decided to give it other purposes in my free time (if you would like to look at a few examples of these, here a few posts I’m proud of: The Art & Science of Memory as Depicted by Joshua Foer and the Ocotober 23rd,2012 Apple Inc. Conference). So, this time, I’m going to talk about something a lot of men complain or are afraid of in the Internet: The Menstrual Cycle.

First of all, I’ll tell you a few things about what I know about the Menstrual Cycle: Women have a cycle in which once a month they bleed through their vaginas, and that it’s sometimes called Period. And that’s all I currently know about the Menstrual Cycle. But, of course, I have to write this before I read the link my teacher gave us so I can learn something and make this post more informative both for you and for me. And now I have to add the following two things:
1. What do I think about it? Why?
2. What would I like to know about it?

So, I’ll answer these questions, and then we’ll get to the informative part about this post. As for what I think about it, I think nothing about it. As I know nothing about this subject I rather not think of it as either something good or bad, so I don’t have a false opinion without knowing all the facts I can know about it. As for what I would like to know about it I would like to know what it’s for and what happens because all this posts about guys with girlfriends or wives all over the internet literally confuse me into what the actual menstrual cycle is. So, that would be it, that’s what I want to know about it.

There, I’m DONE with the questions, and now we’ll get to the informative part!

After I read the Information

Okay, so I have read all the information on the subject. As far as I now understood, the menstrual cycle is when the ovaries release an egg and it goes through the oviduct into the uterus. While it goes through the oviduct, the uterus is cushioned with blood and other liquids, so when the eggs reach the uterus, if they were fertilized, they will attach to the uterus. If they are not fertilized, then the uterus will get rid of the cushions, and that’s when the blood goes down the vagina. This cycle begins from the ages of 8-15, and it each cycle lasts about 28 days, with the bleeding from 3-7 days. As far as I understood, the cycle itself is for the reproductive system to get ready for a baby.

I hope this may answer a few questions to those of you out there that do not really know what the menstrual cycle is, or the period, as it is most commonly known. Thank you for wanting to stay informed!



P.S. I’m adding the link to the webpage where I got the information from, where you will find more details about it. Just click here.

Hello Internet! A few weeks ago, my Dad got me a book about memory named: Moonwalking with Einstein: The Art and Science of Remembering Everything. Being the bookworm I am, I devoured the book in under a week and it’s one of the very few nonfiction books I have actually liked, the other one being Steve Jobs, for which I’m saving a post for October. It is an amazing book, and I would like to dedicate this post to the author Joshua Foer. This is for you Josh.

First of all, what is this book really about? The book’s title might make you think it’s about fiction, as you can barely see the part where it says the Art & Science of Remembering Everything… But once you read the back cover you realise it’s something completely different. I’m going to quote it for you here:

“While searching an article on the USA Memory Championships, Joshua Foer was equally dubious and intrigued by one contestant’s claim that even an average memory like Foer’s, ‘if used properly’, could win the event. And, after a year of memory training, he found himself in the finals of that same championship. Under the tutelage of ‘mental athletes’, Foer learns ancient techniques once employed by Cicero to memorise his speeches and by medieval scholars to memorise entire books. Moonwalking with Einstein draws on cutting-edge research, a surprising history of memory, and venerable tricks to the mentalist’s trade to transform our understanding of remembering. Through his extraordinary odyssey, we acquire a profound appreciation of a gift we all possess but that often slips our minds.”

Very interesting huh? I couldn’t really contain myself for long and started reading that very same night. The book starts with an impressive memory feat performed in Ancient Greece to get you much more interested in Memory. The story is the following, quoted again:

“There were no other survivors.

Family members arriving at the scene of the fifth-century-B.C. banquet hall catastrophe pawed at the debris for signs of their loved ones-rings, sandals, anything that would allow them to identify their kin for proper burial.

Minutes earlier, the Greek poet Simonides of Ceos had stood to deliver an ode in celebration of Scopas, a Thessalian nobleman. As Simonides sat down, a messenger tapped him on the shoulder. Two young men on horse-back were waiting outside, anxious to tell him something.He stood up again and walked out the door. At the very moment he crossed the threshold, the roof of the banquet hall collapsed in a thundering plume of marble shards and dust.

He stood now before a landscape of rubble and entombed bodies. The air, which had been filled with boisterous laughter moments before, was smoky and silent. Teams of rescuers set to work frantically digging through the collapsed building. The corpses they pulled out of the wreckage were mangled beyond recognition. No one could even say for sure who had been inside. One tragedy compounded another.

Then something remarkable happened that would change forever how people thought about their memories. Simonides sealed his senses to the chaos around him and reversed time in his mind. The piles of marble returned to pillars and the scattered frieze fragments reassembled in the air above. The stoneware scattered in the debris re-formed into bowls. The splinters of wood poking above the ruins once again became a table. Simonides caught a glimpse of each of the banquet guests at his seat, carrying an oblivious to the impending catastrophe. He saw Scopas laughing at the head of the table, a fellow poet sitting across from him sponging up the remnants of his meal with a piece of bread, a nobleman smirking. He turned to the window and saw the messengers approaching, as if with some important news.

Simonides opened his eyes. He took each of the hysterical relatives by the hand and, carefully stepping over the debris, guided them, one by one, to the spots in the rubble where their loved ones had been sitting. At that moment, according to legend, the art of memory was born.”

A rather impressive feat right? It is perhaps what most would call perfect or maybe photographic memory, but, as I learned throughout the book, that is rarely the case. The book begins with a flash-forward to the end of the book, and after a few paragraphs turns to explaining that this book is not meant to make you a memory athlete, but to share the experience of becoming one, though it provided enough details for me to actually be able to use the techniques, of which I will speak later. Later, it tells you about some of the greatest mental athletes found there in the competition, most importantly throughout the book, Ed Cooke, which became Josh’s memory coach, and Tony Buzan, the promoter of mnemonics (the term used for the memory techniques), who apparently has hyperbolised the techniques a little (if not a lot). Josh is rather impressed by the feats accomplished throughout the competition, including memorising multiple shuffled decks of cards in an hour, random number memorising, face-name memorising, and even binary-digit memorising. He asks them how they do it, and is rather surprised by Ed’s response, and a lot of the other competitors, that anyone can do it. In fact, Ed even offers Josh that he can be his coach. Josh then spends some time thinking about it and eventually agrees. Josh meets Ed in New York one last time the day before he returns to England, and in Central Park, Josh learns the first secret to mnemonics: the memory palace.

The memory palace is one of the simplest and easiest to learn memory techniques. All you need is something to memorise, like a shopping list, and a structure you know well and that is large enough for your list in this case, and that you know well, such as your childhood home, and some creativity. To give you an example of how it works, I’m going to use the very same shopping list used in the book that Ed had with himself in Central Park, a shopping list for a party:

pickled garlic

cottage cheese


six bottles of white wine

3 pairs of socks

three hula-hoops


dry ice machine

e-mail sophia

skin-toned cat suit

find Paul Newman film

elk sausages

megaphone and director’s chair

harness and ropes


It seems rather complicated right? But I was actually able to remember it for some time. Okay, the first step will be to know what to do with the structure you’re going to use. You have to relate the thing you’re trying to remember, such as pickled garlic, in a way that is either very funny or weird, which is not hard to notice. Then you have to place them in the order they are, so when you go through the structure in your mind you will find them in the order they are. So, as pickled garlic is the first item of the list, you will put it in the first place of the structure, the entrance. Then cottage cheese, the following room. Salmon, the following. It is very simple and easy to apply. To tell you the truth, I read this one afternoon right before a Capitals test, and I totally forgot about it until the morning, so I decided to give it a try. I was able to remember 72 different things in 20 minutes, the location, name and capital of 24 Asian countries. And in 4 hours I didn’t forget one single fact. And this was my first try, just so you can see how easy it is. There are other techniques that need to be applied for poem or number memorising that have to be merged with this one. For poems, as you can’t really imagine articles such as “and” or “an” you need to make symbols for them, such as a circle for “and” and a square for “an”. As for numbers, though there are a few memory techniques Josh mentions, but in my opinion the simplest whatsoever, is the following: using one or two letters for the ten different existing digits and then combining them from 0-99 to form words with the letters, and combining them in pairs so it can be easier to memorise larger numbers. Let me give you an example. These are the following letters for the ten digits:


1=T or D





6=Sh or Ch

7=K or G

8=F or V

9=P or B.

When you have memorised these letters for each number, which I think should be memorised in the traditional way, then you proceed to make the other 89 numbers, the following way for example. It can be any word you can think of, these are the ones I think of when I combine these letters:

10=The letters are T/D and S, so I will use T and the word that comes to my mind is Toss, then that is my word for 10.

11=They’re both ones, so I think of the name Todd.



And so on and so on, so then you can combine them to memorise numbers like this one:


As it is uneven, you will leave the last one alone, and you will use your word for the other two pairs. For example, these are my words for 83 & 74:

83=Fame (F & M)

74=Gear (G & R)

Finally, all you have to do is think of a word that begins with the letter of the uneven number, in this case, I will use shoe for six. Then, you turn them into an image that is creative in the way mentioned before, such as the following:

Fame Gear includes Shoes.

See? And for number lists, all you have to do is store them in memory palaces as mentioned before. The book itself only shows a few of the various techniques, and is mostly concentrated in the history of memory use, memory cases, and Josh’s experience. The history is rather interesting, and I will summarise it here in just a few sentences because I can carry on for a lot…

First of all, Josh provides us two extreme examples of memory: the best, and the worst. He begins with a russian mostly mentioned under the name S throughout the book, that is threatened to be fired by his boss in the newspaper he works on, as he never takes notes of the instructions he is given. When confronted by his boss, he repeats to him word by word what he had just said to the reporters in the room. His boss is impressed, and sends him off to a psychologist, who studied S through a lot of his lifetime. Apparently, S didn’t know he had an outstanding memory. He thought everyone was capable of this. Wanna know his secret? The memory palace. Apparently, S knew about the memory palace without knowing it. In fact, even though it almost never failed, S did forget a few things, though on very rare occasions such as the following: he was asked to remember a few things, and among them was an egg. He placed the egg in a wall of the same colour. When he walked through his memory palace, he didn’t see it because it camouflaged with the wall. So, even those that appear to remember everything, still forget some things. Though, remembering everything, has its disadvantages. You can’t really decide what will stay in your mind, and S ended up remembering too much. He later found out he could discard those things he didn’t want, by making his brain understand that they weren’t important, but it was still hard for him.

Then we go through another extreme case, though this was the opposite. Instead of remembering everything, this poor fellow forgot everything. Though not everything. He remembered some things from when he was younger, such as when he fought in World War II. But then, amnesia struck and he couldn’t remember more recent things. I actually liked this man, he looked like a nice person. Throughout the book, he is known as EP. Sadly, in the acknowledgments, it is mentioned that EP died before the publishing of the book. According to Josh, EP was happy. He could have been the perfect Buddhist of these days. He used to take walks around the neighbourhood, say hi to the neighbours, listen to the radio, perhaps eat breakfast more than once, and had regular visits from a group of scientists that were studying him. Surprisingly, ED was capable of doing things, such as going through his neighbourhood alone without getting lost, because the brain ends up seeing these things so much, it gets into the unconscious side of our memory, the one that keeps skills such as driving. I personally would like to meet a person like ED. They know what they know in that very instant, they don’t need to remember things, they simply live life in the moment. Literally. It is probably a life I might take, but if I could keep all my memories until I was 50. Then I would be able to live completely worry less for the rest of my life. Just imagine it. How peaceful would that be? Well, moving on. (I think I will be making a post about this later on. I got inspired).

Throughout the rest of the book, Josh speaks of a few people of today that are mentally awesome, but in another way. He describes one that I believe is very important. Daniel Tammet is a person under the informal denomination of prodigious savant. There are three of these, the first, which speaks of people that can identify things that an average person would not be able to identify. The second one speaks of people that are very talented in a specific field, such as music, but that have a disability. And finally, prodigious savants, which speaks of people that are better than average but without handicaps. Daniel has the great ability to make large and complex calculations in his head, and also speaks ten languages, making him a hyperpolyglot. Daniel only has one problem, which is Asperger’s syndrome, but he was able to go through most of it by himself, and only asked for a diagnosis just in case. Something impressive about Daniel is that he can visualise any number completely different, though with some variations every time you ask him. I personally didn’t really like Daniel the way he is described in the book. In my opinion, he’s not exactly a good person, and the book mentions that he offered classes for something he didn’t know how to teach or use. But, he is important in mnemonics, as he can memorise things easily, in a similar way to S’s.

Okay, finally, I’m going to talk about the USA Memory Championship in which Josh participated. The first event was face & name memorising, in which Josh finished 3rd. The second event was number memorising, and Josh landed on fifth place. And my favourite, and in my opinion most important one of the book, shuffled card deck memorising. This particular event gives the title to the book, and I personally enjoyed it a lot. Which is why, I’m going to quote my favourite part of it, right here.

“From the front of the room, the chief arbiter, a former marine drill sergeant, shouted, ‘Go!’ My judge clicked her stopwatch, and I began peeling through the pack as fast as I could, flicking three cards at a time off the top of the deck into my right hand. I was storing the images in the memory palace I knew better than any other, the house in Washington, D.C., that I’d lived in since I was four years old-the same house I’d used to remember Ed’s to-do list on the rock in Central Park. At the front door, I saw my friend Liz vivisecting a pig (two of hearts, two of diamonds, three of hearts). Just inside, the Incredible Hulk rode a stationary bike while a pair of oversize, loopy earrings weighed down his earlobes (three of clubs, seven of diamonds, jack of spades). Next to the mirror at the bottom of the stairs, Terry Bradshaw balanced on a wheelchair (seven of spades, eight of diamonds, four of clubs). Halfway through the deck Maurice’s Teutonic wain once again penetrated my earmuffs: ‘No walking!’ I heard him yell, presumably at another photographer. This time, I didn’t let it break my focus. In my brother’s bedroom I saw my friend Ben urinating on Benedict XVI’s papal skullcap (ten of diamonds, two of clubs, six of diamonds), Jerry Seinfield sprawled out bleeding on the hood of a Lamborghini in the hallway (five of hearts, ace of diamonds, jack of hearts), and at the foor of my parent’s bedroom, myself Moonwalking with Einstein (four of spades, king of hearts, three of diamonds).”

After this, Josh found out he had probably broken the USA record in cards. This is what follows, and I think it is the best part of the book:

“Card by card, each one matched. When we got to the end of the decks, I threw my last card down on the table and looked up with a wide, stupid grin that I tried and failed to squelch. I was the new USA record holder in speed cards. The throng that had gathered around my desk applauded loudly. Ben Pridmore pumped his fist. A twelve-year-old boy stepped forward, handed me a pen, and asked for my autograph.”

It is, in my opinion, the best description of victory. The following two events were the following, memorising a few things about a few people, and the final event: Double deck cards. Even though this last one may be considered the most important one, as it made Josh the winner, I think it’s the one I have just quoted for you. You see, in the final event, it only lasted for five cards, and that was it. I believe the other one is much more emotional, and I think it makes everyone happier than the other one.

Finally, I would like to give you one last memory technique I found in the book, which is the one used for card memorising. This technique is the following: you make 3 different things for each card, one person, one action, and one object, and at the moment of memorising, you go in card trios, memorising three by three. It works this way:

You have three cards:

king of clubs

ace of hearts

7 of spades

Then, you use the three things of each card in the following order, so you have a person, doing an action, with a thing. So, in this case it would be, as an example:

king of clubs: Johnny Depp

ace of hearts: flying

7 of spades: Titanic

So it would form the following: Johnny Depp flying over the Titanic. And then, all you have to do is store it in a Memory Palace. I believe this technique could also be used in numbers, but it is slightly more complicated than the one I mentioned before, that is made using the same numbers from 0-99, though it is a lot better.

I personally liked this book a lot. I think it makes you appreciate what you can really do with your memory. You can accomplish great things that are as simple as counting to ten just with a little practice, and who knows, you may be able to compete in Memory Championships, or become the World Champion, and all of it, just by using these simple techniques, though there are much more, believe me. I am personally looking for a copy of the Ad Herrenium, the book that has one of the best memory techniques. I don’t know in which languages it may be available, but, why not become trilingual? Anyway, thank you for your time. I know this has been my longest post until now, but it was a very good book, that in my opinion, deserves a lot of awards and much more recognition. And most importantly, THANK YOU JOSHUA FOER. You have taught me something no one that I know could have. And all by sharing with the world this awesome book. Thank you. You have opened my eyes to a new world. I’m personally going to get involved in the practice of Mnemonics, and, who knows? Maybe you’ll see me in a USA Memory Championship in a few years! Thank you.



P.S. Here is a picture of Joshua Foer I found on the internet. The link to the website is below.


We went to a Zoo!

Hello to everyone on the Internet! I’m on a very good mood today and for a very good reason: I volunteered at a zoo and practically worked there for a few hours. It is a very exciting activity and I would recommend it to anyone, literally. In fact, I recommend you to go to your local zoo and ask if they need any volunteer work and you can work there from time to time! You can get to spend time with the animals, feed them, learn about them, pamper them, and maybe get to touch them, though I only touched a two-week old jaguar. Anyway, it is a lot of fun, and now I’m going to tell you about it!

First of all, what were we doing there? A few years ago, the teenagers that were in 8th Grade that are Seniors right now went to the zoo to do the exact same thing. Though, because they broke some stuff in the very end, the zoo didn’t allow us to go for all this time. Until now. By teacher and her subject coordinator had been begging the zoo people to let us go once more, because they were sure we would behave and make an even better job than the Seniors. But it was until now they agreed. We were all able to go into the zoo and feed the animals, though without them being in their cages. The zoo people requested us to make 2 things: fruit ice-cream, which is made of a fruit concoction containing strawberries, papaya, watermelon, melon, and other fruits in an ice-cream containers, to which you later pour water into it and freeze it, and piñatas filled with meat and others with nuts. It was a lot of fun making them, and to tell you the truth, I would do the process again even if I didn’t go to the zoo. And, of course, what exactly did we do there?

First of all, we arrived and started to get everything out before it melted. Then we started to gather in front of the Giraffe, Zebra, and some kind of goat (of which I don’t remember the name)’s habitat. There, we saw the zoo people empty the ice-cream containers for the giraffes and hang them tall on this post, so it would seem as if it came from a tree. Then, they poured some carrots in the ground for the zebra and the goats. Some time afterwards we went to see the monkeys. They gave them the piñatas filled with nuts so they would go and play around a little and eat the nuts inside. Though it was a lot of fun watching them eat as well as seeing the baby cappuccinos, there came a point when this mean monkey started to bully a mother. He wouldn’t let her eat, and eventually, she got rid of him, but it still looked rather angry in my opinion. Then, we started to move to the elephant’s habitat. There I kind of smuggled with the people that were going in to take a few pictures from the inside. It was very interesting to see the elephant stomp the ice-cream to break it into chunks and eat it with such delicacy. Then we saw her eat the nuts they left inside her habitat with the same delicacy as if she was carrying a baby. It was very interesting, and while we were going to her habitat, we heard a discussion. Apparently, Mr. Lion didn’t take the garbage out and Mrs. Lion didn’t like so much. We saw her hop into him and attempt to bite him while roaring, and then we saw Mr. Lion walk away with a sad face as if it was a 5 year-old that was just scolded. Apparently, lions also suffer marriage problems.

Then we split into two assigned groups. The first group was going into the bear’s habitat, and the second group was going into the tiger’s habitat. I was assigned into the bear’s habitat, and we were able to see them while they were in their cave-cage, which is where they take refuge if it’s raining or when they are putting their food in the habitat, as we were doing. They are VERY big, but also very cute. When we got in, we started to place some fruit and fish (we were also asked to take fish ice-cream) ice-cream around and also some raisins. We also poured a lot of honey around on top of some logs and rocks. As soon as we were finished, we started to rush towards the visit area, where you could see them eat. It is very interesting how they love the honey. No wonder Winnie the Pooh likes it so much… Anyway, moving on. Then we went to see the tigers. The second group went in and started to place the meat-filled piñatas around. Most of them were zebras, but the one I made with my group was this kind of Minecraft-antelope. Well, every piñata was Minecraft-ish anyway but you get the point. And everyone made fun of it, but guess what, it was the first one they attacked. It was mounted in a tree and the white bengal tiger jumped at it and brought it down. It started to smell it and tear it apart, but then another piñata caught its attention. This time, it jumped at it and brought it down to this pool they have and tore it apart there. Then the other tiger, taking advantage of the process, started to take the piñatas down and eat the meat. We later set off for the rest of the animals.

We then saw the racoons get their ice-cream and their honey. As soon as they saw the zoo people go in, they darted off to this tree they have. Apparently, they do this all the time, so you could say they can be easily scared. Then we saw this baby jaguar on its daily stroll we could say. They are about the size of one hand, and are completely black. They are so tiny they can even go below the doors! In fact, it almost escaped twice, but two partners caught him right in time. I was able to touch him once, and it has the softest hair I have ever touched. We later set off to see the new penguins, which seemed pretty confused to me though. They were all cramming agains the glass, though they did look healthy. We then went to the cafeteria, where I amazed a lot of people. First, some friends bought some chicken fingers for $7. They were literally finger sized and there were only six. Then a friend of mine bought a personal pizza for $3 and it was tiny as well. I instead bought a calzonne which included a refill soda for the same $3, it was even bigger than the chicken fingers and the pizza combined, literally. We later went into these slides to which we got tickets for everyone on the zoo’s behalf, which was very nice of them. We went there and took a few slides all together, it was a lot of fun. Sadly, it was time to go. We left with a completely new experience, everyone with a smile on their face. It is one of these experiences I would never trade for anything in the world. I just hope we can repeat it next year.

Well, I hope you enjoyed this post, as well as get inspired to volunteer in a zoo. Maybe you can do it in groups with your friends, that way it is even more fun! I hope you have a nice day!



P.S. Here’s a pic of a friend of mine down one of the slides. Tell me if I’m wrong but he looks like a kid having fun. This picture was taken by the great photographer Maria Jose Zebadúa. Thank you for your pictures. Enjoy!


Hello Internet. You must probably have heard of Down Syndrome. You may wonder if it is something contagious, is it dangerous, what are the symptoms, does that make the people who have it stupid or retarded, and most importantly, are they different from us? Throughout this post I’m going to tell you the answers to this questions, and a lot more, about Down Syndrome.

First of all, what is Down Syndrome? Down Syndrome is NOT a disease first of all. It is not contagious, and most certainly it is not dangerous. Down Syndrome is genetic. It has no cure, as it is not a disease as I mentioned before. It occurs when a human being is born with a third copy of the 21st Chromosome, therefore giving it its other name, Trisomy 21. This extra copy will make a change in some physical and psychological traits. Most notable of which are the eyes and head’s shape and the tongue’s size. The first two do not affect them at all in any way, but the tongue size does give them a difficulty to speak. This is why it’s hard to understand them sometimes and why some people think they are retarded. Among other physical differences can be found the lack of strength in some muscles and a lot of flexibility. The lack of strength in the muscles is also a factor to which why they have speaking difficulties. The physical differences can also be found internally, such as heart or digestive problems. As for psychological differences there is just one: slower learning. They take a longer time to learn things and remembering them. This doesn’t mean they are retarded or stupid. It’s just their brain will take longer to process the new information, therefore making it slightly harder for them to understand as fast as normal people do. But they can learn them. It will simply take longer. They are not retarded. At all. It’s just a little harder for them. I want you to understand this right now, because if you don’t and still think they are either retarded, stupid, dumb, or any insulting thing that comes to your mind, I want you to stop reading this post right away and NEVER come back to my blog, because they deserve respect and you’re not giving it to them, and I’m not going to accept that anyone like that reads, shares or comments on my blog. Understand? Good. If you are among the people who understood, keep going.

Now, what are the social difficulties these people face? If they’re not retarded but simply learn slower, why don’t we see a lot of famous and/or successful people with Down Syndrome? Because of SOCIETY. We are a very close minded society. We have ALWAYS been, and will probably stay like that for a long time. We all know that african-american people were discriminated in the United States, and that African people were discriminated by the Europeans. And what about Stereotypes? Asian people for example. There’s the stereotype that they are all smart and good at math and music and pretty much everything and for that people make fun of them when they should actually admire those that actually do and not think that every single one of them is going to be able to do that or that they are all the same and only they can differentiate themselves! Or that all african-americans are thieves, or dirty, or that they carry diseases, or that they only care about themselves! Have you seen these new Vine videos about White People VS Black People? Let me give you an example: An african-american appears and says “White people be like:’Billy, where are you Billy?’ Black people be like: Man, forget Billy, Billy’s Dead!'”. It may be funny but we’re promoting RACISM with that. We’re promoting stereotypes. As many people in the past have said, WE ARE ALL THE SAME. Haven’t you seen pictures of babies from other ethnicities hugging, or playing together? We are not born with racism, we create it. It’s not in our nature, it is NURTURE. We develop it. And we have to teach the following generation that we are all the same. And not only ethnically, but psychologically as well. I once saw the following picture on the internet, and I think it’s true. Take a look:


We are the ones that decide how our society is, and we will not be able to achieve all of our potential until we unite as one. They can be just like we are, we just have to give them some time and pay attention to them. They can be normal people. They ARE normal people. They can achieve great things, but they can’t because they feel like they can’t. And why is that? Because people don’t let them be themselves. They look at them and make faces or talk bad about them, and that lowers their self-esteem. They need to feel they can so they can actually accomplish things. And proof of this is Pablo Pineda, a teacher who has a BA in Education Psychologyand has Down Syndrome. He is also an actor that appeared in the Spanish Movie, Yo También. And now he gives talks to promote equality. Just let that sink in. Someone that is believed to be retarded or stupid is a university graduate and also a successful actor. He is the inspiration to people with Down Syndrome. He inspires them, and he has proved they can accomplish great things, and still have Down Syndrome. That it shouldn’t hold you back. We are all the same, and we all have the same capacity.

For those of you who want to listen to some people with Down Syndrome I’m adding a link here. The video includes the thoughts of their best friends and their own thoughts on Down Syndrome.

Well, I hope you now know more about people with Down Syndrome. They are very nice people, and if you don’t understand them when they speak, tell them and ask them to repeat so you can understand them because they might think you are understanding and maybe they are talking too fast. Don’t be afraid, they won’t get offended. And they are literally lovely. They hug a lot.

Have a nice day.



P.S. Here are a few pics of people with Down Syndrome. Enjoy the pictures and enjoy life the way they do!

Hello Internet. It’s been a while since I’ve reviewed anything so I’m going to get a little out of hand with my opinions and tell you what I think is going on in Apple’s backstage. For those of you that do not know what WWDC means is the Worldwide Developers Conference Apple makes for its programmers every year during June. It includes courses for animation, programming, tips, and introduction to the new softwares that will be used for the following year (iOS 7 & OS X Maverick in this case). Now, let us begin the journey for what will most probably be Apple for the following year.

First of all, let’s begin with what was presented in the WWDC. The WWDC presented the new Macbook Air, OS X Maverick, iTunes Radio, 2 new Airport products, iOS 7, and, as a sneak peek, the completely redesigned Mac Pro, which, in my opinion is the crowning jewel of the keynote, alongside iOS 7. To complete this paragraph, I’m going to tell you something I have noticed during the last keynotes, or to be more precise, the keynotes since Steve Job’s death. Tim Cook always appears in the beginning, sometime in the middle of the keynote, and then in the end to seal it all of. And why is this a big deal? Let me explain you why. During Steve Jobs’ time as the Chief Executive Officer, you usually observed something completely new in the products. It was either the design, or a completely new feature. But can anyone tell me a completely innovating advance since Steve Jobs’ death? I believe you haven’t. Almost all of the products that have been presented since then have been made and approved by Steve Jobs. I do not believe this. They seem to lack something that I observed during Steve Jobs’ time: innovation. There’s the myth that Steve Jobs left multiple blueprints of iPods, iPhones, iPads, Macs, and others that supposedly Apple’s engineers cannot understand or cannot achieve because of the lack of Steve’s motivation. I have decided to believe this. There have been very slight differences in all of the products. The iPhone 5? Larger screen, another colour. iPad 3 & 4? Faster processor and higher resolution screen. iPod? Multiple colours and a larger screen. The only innovation I’ve seen is the iPad Mini, which as I mentioned before was designed under Steve’s careful eye. Supposedly, he approved products that will eventually be presented until 2014. And what has Tim Cook done? Why am I talking about this? Well, let me begin with something. As I mentioned, every product was designed under Steve’s eye, and most of the time it was just him that presented the products. Now look at Tim Cook on the other hand. I have NEVER seen him give a keynote, or at least 50% of one. Not even 30%. Steve believed that you had to pay more attention to the product than to the profits. Right now I think they both are in the middle, but the product needs to rise, so Apple can become even better.

Ok, so let’s go to the Macbook Air, the only product that was presented and meant to be launched that very same day.The new Macbook Air contains one of the most powerful batteries Apple has ever made. The 11″ Macbook can stand 9 hours of battery life, and the 13″ Macbook: 12 COMPLETE HOURS WITHOUT CONNECTING IT TO THE PLUG! It has many new features in it as well. Now it is designed to have an even faster Wi-Fi connection, navigating up to 3 times faster than the previous Macbook. Now it also comes with the same Intel Chips as the iMac and is 45% faster than the previous Macbook. And now, the cheapest versions of each now come with twice the capacity it used to have. And let’s not forget about the things Apple cares so much about: Details. The keyboard and screen resolution adjust the brightness with light sensors, so they can make sure you don’t waste battery, and the screen is now LED backlit. And let’s not forget about the quality of resolution Apple always cares about. Now the FaceTime camera is made to take 720p videos and there are dual-mics, as well as hidden dual-speakers underneath the keyboard.

Now, let’s get to OS X Maverick.I liked a lot Craig Federighi’s joke about OS X. He was saying that for this generation of OS X, they didn’t really know what they could do, to keep going with the Lion theme or to get a completely new line. So he said “And now, we’re introducing: OS X… Sea lion? No, I don’t think that would be going somewhere, but instead we’re going to introduce a new line of software, inspired in California, where we design our products and softwares. So, this time, we are introducing OS X Maverick.”. Now, OS X Maverick is designed to save power most specifically. Safari, for example, knows when you are using it and when you’re not. For example, you’re playing this game online, and you suddenly have to reply to this guy you were talking to in Skype. So you leave it in the background and reply. It immediately stops using the power it was using for the graphics of the game and for the rest of the webpage. And as soon as you open it again, it starts using the power again. And not only that is new in Safari. It also has a sidebar for your reading list, and you can simply keep scrolling to move from the article you were reading to the next one on your list. The sidebar is also available for your Twitter links, and, just as with the Reading List, you can just keep scrolling, to go into the next link. And now, you can arrange your Top Sites, even better.

There’s also calendar which now includes extra information such as how long it will take to arrive at your destination, it integrates Facebook events and auto-completes your events, as well as having month view. Then there’s tagging, where you can organise your files and events in different categories, such as Important, Work, School, and others. And let’s not forget about Maps, where now, with the integration of iCloud, you can look for a place in your Mac, and then set off with your iPhone, which will tell you the way there. It now supports multiple displays, it has a much better notification centre, and you can make Tabs in FinderTabs.

And now, let’s get to an extremely important feature: iCloud Keychain. It is a new feature from iCloud that will remember you account passwords, from social media webpages, to bank accounts, but you do have to remember your security number, “cause that’s what makes it secure after all”, as Craig says. And all of this, encrypted in AES 256-bit. And, as it is iCloud, it can be transmitted to all of your devices.

Let’s get to something a lot of us have been hoping for. For a long time, we have hoped for a simple Apple provided Radio for their mobile products. And now, Apple has heard us and has created: iTunes Radio.iTunes Radio will allow you to listen to stations, to customise them, and to easily download the songs you like. There are exclusive songs, just for it, and DJ Siri will answer to your requests, as if you were paying him/her $1000. And if you have iTunes Match, you can listen to it Ad-free. But in my opinion: what is radio without a few funny ads?

Ok, so we have covered what is mostly related to the Mac. But what about accessories? For those of you that don’t know what Airport is, it is this Wi-Fi station that spreads your Wi-Fi signal all over your place in both 2.5 & 5 Hz, making it both faster and more accessible. There are three versions for it: the AirPort Express, AirPort Extreme, and AirPort TimeCapsule. AirPort Express is designed for a small house or an apartment, and can print & play music wirelessly. Airport Extreme is designed for a larger home, offices or classrooms, and is mostly designed for high speed. Then there’s AirPort TimeCapsule, which is designed for practically any place, it combines both powers of the previous AirPorts, and can make backups with your Macs. The ones that are new these time are Extreme and TimeCapsule. They both can transmit data at the speed of 1.3 Gbps, and have four gigabit ethernet ports. In my opinion, all of these are for those that don’t like slow Internet. I personally have one and I think it’s a miracle. You can connect up to 50 users to it, and it will work just fine, though it will work a slightly slower because it tries to keep the internet connection balanced for everyone.

And now, let’s get to one of the crowning jewels: The Mac Pro. Completely redesigned, it is one of Apple’s best products. It is this 10″ tall black cylinder, that may not look like much, but there is more in it than what meets the eye. Equipped with dual GPU’s, the latest Xeon processors, 4K screen support, PCI Express flash storage, and high performance Thunderbolt 2. It is twice as fast as the previous Mac Pro and has 12 cores of processing power. The memory bandwidth has 60GBs, twice as fast as the previous one. And for graphics, they are 2.5 times faster than the previous one, and can give you enough power to work with heavy editing in three 4k screens. The flash storage is 2.5 times faster than the fastest SATA flash drive. And, how is this going to cool off? With so much power it needs it must heat up like melted gold right? Well, Apple has designed a way for it to work. By setting all of the chips into this triangle inside the cylinder, the heat goes to the centre, and is then taken out by this custom designed fan that barely makes a sound, and gets the air out even more efficiently than many other fans. Impressive right? One single fan doing the work of multiple, and almost completely quiet. And, if you look at it from the top, it actually kind of looks like Tony Stark’s Mark VI Arc Reactor. Just another way to look at all the power it has… It will have 4 USB ports, 2 3.5mm jacks for speakers and for headphones, 6 thunderbolt ports, 2 gigabit ethernet ports, and a 1.4 HDMI port. And they are all backlit, just as the Macbook keyboards so you don’t have to scramble to plug cables in the dark. Equipped with Thunderbolt 2, it has a data transfer speed of 20 Gb/s, and is 25 times faster than FireWire800. It is also equipped with the Macbook’s air Wi-Fi power and Bluetooth 4.0. The enclosure is made completely of aluminium and it will be assembled completely in the United States.

And to finish this post, I would like to present you: iOS 7. The software for the iPhone has been almost completely redesigned. It is much simpler, has some features we all needed, has a better sense of depth, the design is cleaner, and takes even better advantage of the Retina Display. Let’s begin with the looks. The looks it has are much simpler. It has a lot of translucency, with the purpose of creating a hierarchy. All of the icons are designed around this base, and they all have a specific colour tone.  Siri’s look is so clean I think I will like it even more.  The photos App design is so organised you don’t even have to worry about never finding this pic you wanted to show someone. It is organised by time, date, events, anything you want it to be. The usual bars you saw at the top are now gone, and the fonts have even changed slightly. But my favourite is the Weather App. It is very realistic looking and literally shows you how the day is going to look like. Storm? Your screen will get wet. Snow? Foggy screen with ice. Sunny? Be ready for brightness. It is all about the looks now.

And what about functions? The multitasking is made so you can look at what you were doing with your apps, and you can close them by simply swiping up. Siri is now available in both Male and Female, and has even more functions, and can change settings such as bluetooth. The new Control Centre will allow you to change your most important settings wherever you are, by simply swiping up. And now it has AirDrop, so you can send photos and videos to the people around you that have iOS through Bluetooth or Wi-Fi, or even LTE. The camera is now equipped with 8 different filters and different picture modes. There is square, panoramic, normal, and video. And now, you can make folder pages, so you don’t have to make multiple folders for you apps. Safari now allows you to flip through your tabs as if they were a newspaper stack, and you can have more than 8. And even better now, it gives you even more space for your content. And it also includes the same features as in OS X Mavericks for the sidebar.And, as I said before, it now includes iCloud Keychain. And an interesting feature, is that the screen moves when you move the iPhone, allowing you to look at the screen as if you had the phone straight. All of this inside iOS 7.

I said in the beginning I would say  what was probably going on inside Apple’s workshop. What’s in store for now is the iPhone 5S or 6, iPad 5, and iPad Mini 2.  I would expect a completely new feature in the iPhone that will later be integrated into the iPad, a slight design change, and the iPad Mini should have a much better resolution and a faster processor, as the current one is very low compared to the competition, which is the Nexus 7 and the Kindle Fire HD.

Thank you for your time. All of the information provided here comes from Apple’s official website and the keynote. All I do is take away the things like “Apple is the best at doing this, so we do it that way”, and provide my opinion on them. So, thank you Apple, for giving me the inspiration for this posts, and for the wonderful products you provide, just as Steve wanted.



Hello everybody. As you might know from my other posts this blog was originally meant for my science class. This time I’ve been asked to write a story about a rediscovery of an extinct animal. So, let’s start writing!

I had decided to go to the Pinta Island, located in the Galápagos cluster, to research a little bit about the environment of the Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, or Lonesome George species. Surprisingly, I found a very similar tortoise in the island alongside a group with other similarities, but this one was specifically similar to Lonesome George. We got her away from the group for a while to collect some blood and also set a tracker so we could locate her later on. We sent the sample to New York so it could be analyzed with a sample of Lonesome George’s blood.

Later on, we found an entire group of tortoises similar to Lonesome George that bore a great resemblance with the other tortoise we had found. We took another blood sample of one of them and set a tracker. The sample was again sent to New York for an analysis.

A few days later, the results of the samples arrived. Apparently, half of the DNA of the first tortoise matched that of Lonesome George’s DNA. The second sample, on the other hand, matched another half. There was also a letter from the lab saying that there is a chance that as these turtles contain such a big amount of George’s DNA and that because they’re younglings, their parents may be alive and maybe some of them be of George’s species. We were going nuts. We immediately set off after the group of tortoises that looked like George. We found them in about an hour and we took samples from the older looking ones. We sent it off in express mail and requested it was sent back as soon as possible. A day after, the results were back. They were Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii!!! We set off to get the whole group to take it to a reserve in the United States. Even though half the group wasn’t of George’s species, we took them so the rest wouldn’t feel alone or depressed.

The discovery led to a lot of criticizing from the press. Many newspapers asked why this hadn’t been done while George was alive so he wouldn’t have died alone. Others asked if it was best to let them be free the way they were. We decided that the tortoises would be placed in a recreation of their island and would be closed to the public so they wouldn’t be disturbed. This has led to the rebirth of a species. Maybe some species we believe extinct aren’t after all. All we have to do is search with a lot of scrutiny, and we might find them.

Thank you.



Hello Internet! This post I specifically dedicate it to you, given the fact that about 99.99999% loves cats… Surprisingly, even though I spend a lot of my time on the Internet, I’m not that of a lover. First of all, before I get into the multiple facts, I would like to thank ASAP Science for their videos. Not only have they provided the information for this blog post but they have also shown me the world in ways I never thought of and also given me a way to memorize the Periodic Table. Please subscribe to their channel, for your own good.

Ok, let’s get to work. A large number of people have cats. There many habits you may have noticed that you thought: “Man, does every cat do this?”. Well, there are a lot that do. For example, purring. Even though it’s not really known why they purr, there is a theory that they do so for their health and may have a benefit for bone & muscle growth. As for why you need to have a sand box for their biological necessities, not only is it for your hygiene but it’s also a way of showing you’re the boss. So, if you think they don’t respect you, look at their sand box. If there appears to be any poop, well, try another way for him/her to respect yoou.

And have you heard of the myth that cats always land on their feet? Well, this is due to the fact that they can tell wether they’re lying on their backs, in the air, or standing where it’s down. And, because of the fact that they have a very flexible spine, they can twist their body in a surprisingly (and that may look painful) twisted way. This fact is better covered by Destin from Smarted Every Day. His videos are very interesting and I’d advice you to subscribe. He taught me how to skip rocks… Another myth is that they can see in the darkness. This is actually kind of true. The thing is that cats have this thing in their eyes called the Tapetum Lucidum that reflects light. This is pretty much how it works: You’re in a room with your cat. You turn off the light and you can see nothing, but your cat can because the Tapetum Lucidum reflects the light again and again for him to see.

And if you ever loose you car, you better have a print of its nose because that’s like their fingerprint. Also, if you think that you cat does nothing all day, you’re pretty much right. In average, a cat does NOTHING 85% of the day, and 4% is only mating, eating, drinking water, and using their sandbox…

And what about Catnip? Is it any good for your cat? Well, it depends on the way you see it. It’s pretty much a drug for them…

Well, I hope that now you pretty much have a better idea of how to take care of a cat, or what they think of you, or just some extra interesting knowledge. Have a nice day!



Well, think of it this way. I’m related to you. And you. And you. The one sitting next to you. The one you’re chatting with. The one downstairs. The one walking down the streets. That guy somewhere in the world trying to hack your Facebook account because he has nothing else to do. Everyone in the world is related to you. But how can this be even possible, you might be saying. Well, it’s in fact something that has probably crossed your mind at some point in your mind. Let me explain.

Okay let’s go back today beginning of humanity. The first ever human must have had a dear wife. They had children. And as there was no one else, they had children within themselves. And so on and so on. But there had to come to a point where must have wanted a lot of kids right? According to some research, we are all related to this guy/woman from Taiwan that lived in a place where all of his offspring could spread around the world. And think of something else. According to the some researchers, everyone on the world is at the most a 50th cousin. Also, there’s the fact that, as many traits started to develop, it is believed that if you are in a country with someone of your same ethnicity you might actually be related to you two at some point, approximately 10 generations ago.

Now, there’s something else. Do you remember that matter can’t be destroyed unless it comes in contact with antimatter? Well, here’s the thing. Every atom of every human being has been used again and again for generations. And to speak more specifically, you contain as an approximate one billion atoms of any bright or famous person you can think of. You have one billion of Einstein’s atoms, Shakespeare’s atoms, Buddha’s atoms, Mozart’s, Steve Jobs’s, anyone you can think of. And there’s also one more thing, according to this video, there are more atoms in one of your cells than in the entire galaxy, and even more atoms in your body than in the observable universe (for more information about this theme, go and subscribe to MinutePhysics channel. They’re giving out a free audiobook at Audible!). One of the comments I read in the video for this blog post, said that if there are more atoms in our body than in the Milky Way galaxy, there might be a complete universe inside us. But I thought slightly ahead. What if we are just subatomic particles that form a greater live organism? Remember that atoms are usually related to solar systems and galaxies. It would change everything we know about. And it could actually repeat to infinity both increasing and decreasing in size! It could also probably apply as a Multiverse Theory, because if we form one organism, then there might actually be more of that kind.

I hope I blowed your mind with this post. I found it very interesting, and I would actually recommend you to subscribe to Michael’s channel, VSauce where all of this information comes from. Thanks again for reading my blog, and I hope you have a nice day, afternoon, or evening, cousin.


P.S. Here’s the link for the original video. Part of the information in this post is hypothetical and the rest comes from it.